What Is The Anthropocene?

What Is The Anthropocene?


The history of the Earth Sphere is considered by dividing it into various geological times. Stratigraphy, a branch of geological science, examines the layers that make up the Earth's crust by dividing them into geochronological units.

The International Stratigraphy Commission, a scientific authority investigating the stages in which the Earth's crust forms, is tasked with drawing the boundaries of these scales based on the latest scientific data.

One of the questions that most preoccupies the commission in the context of the climate change problem is whether the Holocene, the geological epoch we are in, has ended.

The Anthropocene term was first coined by Paul Crutzen and E.F. It was described by Stoermer in 20002 and featured in the scientific publication Nature in 2002. Crutzen and Stoermer have been in Earth system cycles (e.g. carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, etc.) because of human activity for some time in the geological time period we are in.) mentions irregularities occurring. One of these irregularities is human-caused climate change. Acidification of the oceans, loss of habitat and biodiversity, and chemical and physical changes in soils unprecedented in human history are just some of these disadvantages. The argument that the name of this new time, when humanity had as much or even more influence on the Earth's crust as other forces of nature, should be the Anthropocene, has been put forward.

In ancient Greek, Anthropos refers to the concept of man, while the octet-sen comes from the (new) concept of kainos.4 among the tasks of the Anthropocene Working Group, which conducts its work under the International Stratigraphy Commission, is the question of whether such a time officially begins between geological time scales.- it is necessary to evaluate with flood evidence and, if there is enough evidence, submit the official proposal for the starting point of this time to the International Stratigraphy Commission.5 the term Anthropocene has been associated with the ecological footprint, carbon footprint, water footprint of humanity, which has increased logarithmically, especially with industrialization. The “Great Acceleration” graph (a summary of which is presented in Figure 1),which indicates that these effects are often seen as externalities, is also often used in discussions about the Anthropocene.

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